Phleum pratensis

This species is normally found growing wild on fertile soils and under good, moist conditions. It is a persistent grass, which seldom suffers from frost damage. It can tolerate high summer
temperatures if moisture is available, but it is best suited to temperate conditions including low-lying wet land. Timothy starts growing early in Spring and offers good production in autumn. Early types are suited to conservation with their high first cut whereas the late types have a prolonged growth over the Summer and are well suited for grazing.

  • Persistent and Winter hardy grass
  • Grows well in cooler, wetter areas
  • Good palatability before heading stage
  • Usually sown in mixtures with Perennial Ryegrass
  • Can be slow to establish with best yields in the second year after sowing
  • Good early Spring growth at lower temperatures
  • Erect growth habit helps prevent lodging in silage swards for easier mowing


Scale 1-9, where 9 = best or most pronounced

Winter hardiness
Spring growth (early)
Grazing tolerance